If you have heard about keto diets and ketosis, then you probably know something about BHB or beta-hydroxybutyrate. However, there are many people, who are unaware about ketogenic diets. For those of you, it is good to know that a keto diet is a low-carb and high-fat diet that is aimed at helping you get rid of excess body weight and also lead a healthy life. Once you start a keto diet, your body gets into a state of ketosis after a few days. This process gives rise to ketone bodies that comprise of acetoacetate, BHB, and acetone. Ketosis normally happens in your liver.
What is BHB?
Beta-hydroxybutyrate or BHB is basically an organic compound. It is also considered as one of the 3 different ketone bodies that are produced in the different cells of your body. Although it is not a ketone body in particular, it is still considered as one. The levels of BHB basically increase in your heart, brain, liver, and several other tissues once you reduce the intake of calories or fast after a keto diet and you can see more here. It may also happen after a hectic workout schedule.
Ketosis is the process that gives rise to ketone bodies in your bloodstream. Your body gets into a state of ketosis and ketones are produced in a natural manner by your body. This may be the result of fasting or diet. When you have carbs regularly, your body converts it into glucose or sugar in the blood. The brain fuel source utilizes this glucose to gets its energy. However, once you reduce the intake of carbs, your brain looks for an alternate source of energy. This forces it to shift its attention to all the stored fat in your body. It changes the fat into ketones that are used by the brain and body as a source of fuel. It is good for you to know that ketones can easily supply almost 60% of the energy that is needed by your brain to function properly.
The process of ketosis gives rise to 3 different types of ketones. These include Acetate or acetone, acetoacetate, and beta-hydroxybutyrate or BHB. Acetone is produced in pretty small amounts and is the least abundant. It is also normally exhaled through your lungs and seldom used as fuel by your body. On the other hand, acetoacetate happens to be a part of the metabolic pathway where the body produces and uses ketones. It is also basically found in the blood at a pretty low level. However, BHB is the predominant ketone body that is found in the bloodstream.
This is a compound that consists of sodium, potassium, and BHB. Ionic bonds help to hold the compound together. However, once consumed, the salts breaks into free sodium, potassium, and BHB. This results in a rise in the BHB blood concentrations to levels between 0.5 to 1mM. One of the biggest advantages of ketone salts is that they are quite high on electrolytes, which helps the salt to replenish lost electrolytes from the body through urine.
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